The Indian Government plans to build 12 cities at 12 major ports, as part of an ambitious development plan that will build 100 smart cities across the country, the shipping minister Nitin Gadkari has said. Work is set to begin in Q3 of this year and be complete within 5 years.
Gadkari said the cities will be built in accordance with international standards and will have wide roads, green energy, advanced townships and greenery. In addition, these smart cities and ports will have e-governance links, international standard facilities, special economic zones, ship-breaking and ship-building centres, besides allied things, he said.
Gadkari added that his ministry has plans to encourage setting up of some bio diesel plants at these ports, including Haldia, where bio diesel will be made from palm oil residue. Port water will be recycled. Port wastes will be turned into bio gas. Vehicles will run on bio fuel. Solar energy and wind power will be generated at ports. These cities will be pollution-free and very green smart cities.
The 12 major ports in the country Kandla, Mumbai, JNPT, Marmugao, New Managlore, Cochin, Chennai, Ennore, V O Chidambarnar, Visakhapatnam, Paradip and Kolkata (including Haldia) handle approximately 61 per cent of the country's cargo traffic.